Braxy in Sheep

Braxy in Sheep

Definition:

It is an acute toxemic infection of sheep characterized by abomasitis, toxemia and sudden death.

 

Etiology:

 

Caused by toxins of Cl. Septicum.

 

Epizootiology:

 

Geographical distribution: common in cold areas as U.K. and Australia.

 

Susceptibility:

Sheep of 6-18 months

 

Sources of infection: soil – feces – carcasses.

 

Transmission:

  • Ingestion of contaminated grasses and water.
  • Ingestion of shelled grasses or food causes chilling of the fore stomach
  • Hemonchosis may act as predisposing cause

 

Pathogenesis

 

Primary abomasitis is essential for occurrence the disease. This permits invasion by Cl. Septicum, multiplication and toxin production leading to toxemia.

 

Clinical signs

 

  • Fever, depression, anorexia, bloat, abdominal pain, recumbence and death within few hours.
  • Case fatality is 50%.

 

Post mortem lesions

 

  • Edema, congestion, necrosis and ulceration of the abomasal wall.

 

Treatment:

 

  1. Penicillin as early as possible.

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