Ring Worm

Ring Worm (Dermatophytosis)

Definition:

It is an infectious disease characterized by typical lesions of small round alopecic areas or generalized infection on the head, neck, limbs and flanks.

 

Etiology:

The disease is caused by dermatophytes; Trichphyton verrucosum and Trichophyton mentagrophytes are the common types affecting camels.

 

Epizootiology

Susceptibility:

 

Young camels under 3 years of age are commonly affected.

Animals of 3-12 months are most susceptible.

High humidity, overcrowding and nutritional imbalance are predisposing factors.

 

Sources of infection:   Infected animals and fomites.

 

Transmission:

The disease is transmitted by direct and indirect contact with infected animals and fomites.

 

Clinical signs:

  • Lesions develop on the legs, neck and head in the form of small round alopecic areas.
  • Generalized infection on head, neck, limbs and flanks may also develop.
  • Lesions are gray-white in color.

 

Treatment:

  1. Antimycotic ointments such as miconazole.
  2. Griseofulvin is not used in camels as it has some side effects such as diarrhea and nausea.

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